Diabetes

Low blood sugar level

The term hypoglycemia or low blood sugar is used when patient has blood sugar < 70 mg/dL

Causes of hypoglycemia
1. Too much insulin
2. Less food intake
3. Too much exercise, or too little
4. Over dose of your diabetes tablets
Diabetic foot
It is a long-term/chronic complication of diabetes in which patient develops peripheral arterial disease and/or sensory neuropathy.

Delayed wound healing
Wounds in diabetic patients have delayed wound healing tendency due to decreased blood supply and can lead to new injury due to decreased sensory sensations

Diabetic Nephropathy
Long standing Diabetes can lead to Diabetic nephropathy or kidney disease. High blood glucose levels can damage kidneys (nephron) that filters your blood. The damaged filter becomes ‘leaky’ and lets protein spell into urine.
Diabetic Retinopathy
Long standing Diabetes can lead to Diabetic retinopathy or eye disease. It can lead to the damage of blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina). Initially patient has no symptoms or only mild vision problem.

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