Diabetes
What is Diabetes?
In Diabetes Mellitus (DM) pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cells cannot use of insulin efficiently
What is insulin?
All types of foods having carbohydrate are broken down into glucose in the blood. Insulin is a hormone which is produced by the pancreas and it facilitates glucose entry from blood stream into the cells in order to produce energy. Insulin helps glucose get into the cells.
Types of Diabetes
1. Type 1 Diabetes
2. Type 2 Diabetes
3. Gestational Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
In type 1 very little or no insulin is produced by cells of pancreas (Islets of Langerhans).That is why these patients need daily insulin injections to maintain glucose level. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any stage of life but commonly found in children and adolescents.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 is more common than type 1 and found in adults. In this type sufficient amount of insulin is produced by pancreas but the body cells can’t use this insulin in order to maintain glucose level.
Gestational Diabetes (GDM)
If a pregnant woman develops diabetes then it is termed as GDM. It usually disappears after pregnancy but these women and their children are at more risk to develop type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms of DM
1. Blurry vision
2. Extreme fatigue
3. Frequent Urination
4. Feeling very thirsty
5. Weight loss (type 1)
6. Delayed wound healing
7. Feeling very hungry (although you are eating)
8. Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (type 2)
Treatment of diabetes
1. Healthy life style
2. Oral hypoglycemic
3. Insulin injections

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