Diagnostic imaging describes a variety of non-invasive methods of looking inside the body to help determine the causes of an injury or an illness, and to confirm a diagnosis. It is also used to see how well your body is responding to a treatment for an illness or a fracture. The most common types of diagnostic imaging include the following services.
The x-ray is perhaps the most well-known diagnostic imaging service. Physicians use them to see inside your body. The x-ray machine produces a high-energy beam that bones and dense tissue are unable to absorb, but which passes through the rest of your body. This produces an image that allows doctors to see your bones and any damage they may have suffered.
Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)
Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is an x-ray exam that uses an injection of contrast material to evaluate your kidneys, ureter and bladder and help diagnose blood in the urine or pain in your side or lower back. An IVP may provide enough information to allow your doctor to treat you with medication and avoid surgery.
Most of the time you hear about an ultrasound, it’s in reference to examining a fetus during pregnancy. But ultrasounds are actually used for a variety of diagnostic purposes. These include ultrasound KUB & USG abdomen and pelvis. Unlike an x-ray, ultrasounds do not use radiation to produce an image. Instead, they use sound waves that reflect off tissue in your body to create an image.