Causes of hypertension
1. Lack of physical activity
2. A diet high in salt, fat & cholesterol
3. Family history of high blood pressure
4. Chronic conditions such as kidney disease, diabetes, and high cholesterol.
Hypertensive Heart Disease
Hypertensive Heart Disease can lead to left ventricular hypertrophy, diastolic (filling) dysfunction, congestive heart failure and coronary (heart) artery diseases
Hypertensive brain Disease
Uncontrolled hypertension can lead brain infarction (blood clotting) and hemorrhage (bleeding)
Elevated blood pressure can affect the retinal vasculature leading to visual problems.