What is Lithotripsy (ESWL)?

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (E.S.W.L.) is self-possessed of three words combination

  1. Extracorporeal (Extra-Outside & Corporeal-body)
  2. Shock wave (Ultrasonic/Sound Waves)
  3. Litho+Tripsy (Litho-Stone) & (Tripsy-Crushing)

It means the stones present in Urinary tract are crushed into small sand like particles, by harmless ultrasound shock waves, applied over the skin. These risk-free shock waves make contact with the stone by penetrating through skin surface painlessly and spotlight on the stone after traveling through water media of body tissues. In this procedure there is no need of anesthesia or any other surgical intervention. Then these fragmented particles of kidney stone are passed through urine naturally. The Lithotripsy unit is called “Lithotripter” developed in Germany in 1980.