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What is Uric Acid?

Uric acid is a waste product of our foods rich in purines ingested by us in daily life such as red meat, liver, kidney and lentils (Daleen). When our body digests these purines our body produces uric acid as a waste product and this waste material is excreted through kidneys by means of small crystals in urine naturally. In patients of raised uric acid/hyperuricemia, uric acid is not efficiently removed by kidney filtration and accumulates in blood causing gout attack.

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What are purines?


Purines are colorless crystalline compound necessary building blocks for our DNA and these purines form uric acid on oxidation which can lead to gout.

Normal uric acid level

  • Female 2.4-6.0 mg/dL
  • Male 3.4-7.0 mg/dL
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Which Foods are rich in Uric Acid?

  • Beans
  • Red meat
  • Liver
  • Kidney
  • Poultry
  • Seafoods
  • Lentils (Daleen)
  • Cauliflower (Gobhi)
  • Spinach (Palak)
  • Green peas (Matar)
  • Beans (Phalian)
  • Wheat bran
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Foods Safe For Gout

  • Rice
  • Bread
  • Pasta
  • Grains
  • Yoghurt
  • Potatoes
  • Fat and oil
  • Fresh fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Low-fat food
  • Skimmed milk
  • Nuts, Peanut butter
  • Eggs (In Moderation)
  • Meats like fish, chicken
  • Red meat is fine in moderation (4 to 6 ounces per day)
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How to reduce uric acid

  • Avoid sugar
  • Lose weight
  • Reduce stress
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Balance insulin
  • Add fibres to diet
  • Limit purine-rich foods
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Causes of High Uric Acid

  • Obesity
  • Purine-rich diet
  • Diuretics (Urine pills)
  • Niacin, or vitamin B-3
  • Psoriasis (Skin Disease)
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Immune-suppressing drugs
  • Genetics (Inherited Tendencies)
  • Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid)
  • Renal insufficiency (Inability of the kidneys to filter waste)
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Treatment of high uric acid

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID)
  • Naproxen sodium
  • Ibuprofen
  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
  • Uricosuric Drugs
  • Probenecid
  • sulfinpyrazone
  • Xanthine oxidase inhibitors
  • Allopurinol

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Side Effects of High Uric Acid

     The crystals of uric acid can settle in following organs

  • In Joints where they lead to gout
  • In kidneys where they lead to kidney stones
  • If untreated, high uric acid levels may eventually lead to permanent bone, joint and tissue damage, kidney disease and heart disease.
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Home Remedies of High Uric Acid

  • Ginger
  • Magnesium
  • Dandelion tea
  • Milk thistle seeds
  • Celery or celery seeds
  • Cherries or cherry juice
  • Apples (Contain Malic acid)
  • Bananas (Rich in Potassium)
  • Epsom salt (Rich in Magnesium) bath
  • Alternate cold & hot application over tender joint
  • Warm water with apple cider vinegar, lemon juice, and turmeric
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